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THE STUDY OF HOUSEHOLD INSECT PESTS IN INTERNATIONAL MARKET STALLS, LOKOJA

 Format: Microsoft Word   Chapters: 1-5

 Pages: 65   Attributes: STANDARD RESEARCH

 Amount: 3,000

 Sep 16, 2019 |  10:19 am |  2122


TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title page                                                                                          

Approval page                                                                                   

Dedication                                                                              

Acknowledgement                                                                   

Abstract                                                                                            

Table of contents                                                                    

 

CHAPTER ONE

1.0        Introduction                                                                           

1.1     Common insect pest                                                               

1.2.1  Location of study area                                         

1.2.2  Scope of the study                                                         

1.2.3  Purpose of the study                                            

 

CHAPTER TWO

2.0     Literature review                                                           

2.1     Types of insects                                                             

2.2     Types of flying insects                                         

2.3     Classification of insect pest                                           

2.3.1  Orders of insect and their examples                    

2.3.2  Nature of damage and economics importance      

2.3.3  Prevention and control measure                          

2.3.4  Insecticides                                                          

2.3.5  Common list pesticide and their purpose used in our homes 

2.3.6  Characteristics of insect pests                                       

2.3.7  Collection of insects                                                      

2.3.8  Process of locating insects                                   

2.3.9  Collecting techniques                                          

2.3.10 Insect collecting tools                                                   

 

CHAPTER THREE

3.0     Materials and Methodology                                           

3.1     Market segmentation /shop numbering                       

3.2     Store food insects                                                          

3.3     Types of beetles                                                             

3.4     Collection and preservation of insects                           

3.5     Equipment for insect collection                                     

3.6     Mounting/pointing insects on metal pins                     

3.7     Chemical used to preserved insects                               

3.8     Preparation of formalin                                                 

 

CHAPTER FOUR

4.0     Result of the work                                                                  

4.1     Taxonomy of insects                                                      

4.2     Classification of animal kingdom                                                                                                               

CHAPTER FIVE

5.0     Conclusion and recommendation                                 

          References                                                                     

Appendix                                                                                

ABSTRACT

Household insects in international market, Lokoja are found within the environment of the market segmentation. This is as a result of association and adaptive features, which makes the insects to destroy the food stuffs and other agricultural produces in the market successfully. Those insects are in different forms and have the negative effects on the food stuffs in the area of selling them to consumers, because the insects have destroyed and reduced the yield and the quantity of the produce and has also reduced the profit of the produce when sold. Insects have distinct characteristics, modes of feeding, nature of damages and also the collection, preservation and method of collecting them in the stalls and houses. An insecticide is a chemical used in destroying insects and they have different formulations and functions e.g. Baygon. We shall look into the insecticides and also look into the management, controlling and application of insecticides and precaution against it.


CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

Household pests are pests other than wood destroying pests e.g termites, powder post beetles e.t.c or organisms (fungi) which invade houses and other structures. Common pests are rodents, ants, bees, cockroaches, spiders and moths. Several dozen insect species infest food and non-food products of plant and animal origin commonly found in homes. Collectively, this group of insects is referred to as stored product pests. Most are small beetles or moths. For home owners, often the first sign of a store product pest infestation is the sudden, unexplained and persistent presence of numerous insects in a particular area of the home.

          The lifecycle of stored product beetles and moth pests includes an egg stage, several larvae stages, a pupa stage and finally adult stage. Adults often mate soon after emerging from the pupa and immediately begin their search to find food. During their lifetime, females lay eggs approximately 100 to 1,000 eggs depending upon species. After deposition, eggs incubate for days to a week. Following eggs hatch, larvae develops through a series of insecters while infesting and consuming food resources where they remain mostly unseen. Each successive insect is larger in size and consumes greater amounts of food than the previous insect, larvae develop required weeks to a month or more to complete. The last larval insecters pupate and then an adult emerges a short time later. Store product pest very widely in their food preferences. A partial list of edible food especially hot and cold cereals, flowers, cake mix, corn meal, dry fruits, pop corn, peas, beans, kerned, nuts and seeds of all kinds of plants and animal.

          Store product pest includes dried flower arrangement such as pot pourri, rodents, e.t.c

COMMON INSECT PESTS

-                      Ants

-                      Bed bugs

-                      Cockroaches

-                      Spiders

-                      Fire Ants

-                      Odorous house

-                      Mosquitoes e.t.c 

LOCATION OF STUDY AREA

This means that, the area of collection, trapping of information or data about insect pests. It is located to study and observe the insect present in international market stalls, Lokoja. In order to study in the above location, the research is taking from the types of insects, classification, insecticide and method of control and population.

SCOPE OF THE STUDY

The study of all economically important insects is the object of sub discipline in economics or applied entomology.

Agricultural entomology, a branch of economic entomology, is dedicated to the study of insects in agriculture because they help increase crop production (e.g. pollinators), produce a commodity (e.g. honey, skill lacquer) and cause injury.

 

PURPOSE OF THE STUDY

The purpose of studying insect pests, is to take time carefully to observe them, you will find them interesting.

 No mater where you live or what you do, you will be able to find insects. They can live in just about any situation or climate. Nearly every body will have some type of problem with insects at some time in their life.

Some insects eat our crops or food in storage. Other can bite, or sting us, our livestock or our pets. A few insects spread diseases. Some eat our clothing and other household furnishings and some even eat the wood in our homes. Certain insects are helpful to us by producing products we can use (for example honey) by pollinating our crops or by attacking pests. However, most insects have no importance to our well-being except that are interesting creatures to observe.

Congress is in the process of approving the monarch butterfly as our national insect. The monarch butterfly was chosen because it is a native insect, it has wide distribution through most of the United States and it is large and moves slowly.

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