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An historical awareness and the impact of NAFDAC on food and drug control in ondo state

 Format: MS WORD   Chapters: 1-5

 Pages: 92   Attributes: COMPREHENSIVE RESEARCH

 Amount: 3,000

 Apr 20, 2020 |  05:43 pm |  1223



 Background to the Study

The National Agency for Food, Drug Administration and Control (NAFDAC) was established as a parastatal of Federal Ministry of Health by Decree No. 15 of 1993 given the mandate to regulate and control, manufacture, importation, exportation, distribution, advertisements, sale and use of food, drugs, cosmetics, medical devices, chemicals and packaged water and drinks.1 The agency is saddled with the task of ensuring that all its registered products continually meet the acceptable standard in terms of quality and efficacy. It was established owning to the death of about 150 children as a result of formulation error in drug syrup ‘My Pikin’ on the one hand, and on the other hand, the need to procure and apply a good manufacturing practice in industry backed up with effective enforcement of regulations which are required to guarantee that quality assurance attributes are built into the product.2

It is, however, surprising that despite different publications about the parastatal since establishment, no attempts have been made to unfold its historicity and it local operation in local government areas. As a result, the parastatal has not enjoyed notable grass root appraiser and its study has not been localised. This fact left a notable vacuum in its efficacy and thus warrants the study of this kind. Thus, the subject of this study, “A History of NAFDAC in Ondo State, 1992 to 2009: A Case Study of Ondo West Local Government Area” tends to address such inadequacy.

Ondo State, generally refers to as the “Sunshine State”, was created from the defunct Western Region on 3rd February, 1976. Before its creation, the state existed as the Ondo Province of the old Western Region.3 The state covers a land area of 14,793 square kilometres with its administrative capital at Akure. The population of the state as revealed by the Year 2006 population was 3,441,024.4 The state contains eighteen Local Government Areas which are Ose, Owo, Akure North, Akure South, Ifedore,Oluji/Okeigbo, OndoWest, OndoEast, AkokoNorth-West, AkokoNorth-East, Akoko South-East, Akoko South-West, Idanre, Odigbo, Okitipupa, Irele, Ese Odo and Ilaje.5 The area of study of this work is, however, OndoWest Local Government Area.

We must be aware that Ondo State is not the same as Ondo kingdom. Ondo kingdom was founded in 1510 A.D. It is a conglomeration of different groups of the Yoruba, but overtime, the people of Ondo and the Ondo chieftaincy stool had gained paramount over the other groups.6 The history of the people was traced to, Oduduwa, the acclaimed great ancestor and progenitor of the Yoruba.7 Accordingly, Oranmiyan, one of the sons of Oduduwa who Ile Ife, probably out of sheer ambition, was the first Alafin of Oyo and the father of Oluaso, who gave birth to Pupupu, the first paramount ruler of Ondo Kingdom. Pupupu, a female, was one of the twin children of Oba Oluaso, who was said to have reigned in Oyo. Twin birth in those days was considered an abomination and a strange phenomenon. Conventionally, the twins and her mother were to be put to death to prevent the imminent bad omen which was believed to be synonymous with their arrival.8

Subsequently, Oba Oluaso, because of the love he had for the mother of the twin, sent them out of Ile-Ife to a distance where they would be safe under the leadership (protection) of Uja and Akunara, two of his warriors. The team journeyed for many days in the forest until they reached a settlement called Epe, a few kilometres from the present Ondo.9 Later, they migrated from Epe after consulting the Ifa Oracle to Ededo, the present site of Ondo, where they met the aborigines, known as Idoko and Ifore peoples. It was reported that, the aborigines pay obeisance to them when they knew that they were an Ife princess and Oduduwa’s warriors.10

Thus, Ondo kingdom grew to become Ondo province in 1939 and became Ondo state on February 3rd 197611having eighteen local government areas of which Ondo West is a notable part.

Statement of the Problem

The problem of this study lies in view that, information on the history, operation and effects of NAFDAC in Ondo State is scarce and lacking, thus, warranting the need for historical engagement.

Objectives of the Study 

The overall objective of this work is to create an historical awareness and the impact of NAFDAC on food and drug control in Ondo West Local Government Area of Ondo State. This broad aim is subdivided into breakable and understandable statements as follows:

1.   Investigate the historical antecedence of NAFDAC in Nigeria.

2.   Study the establishment of NAFDAC in Ondo State.

3.   The establishment of NAFDAC in Ondo State Local Government.

4.   Discuss the system of control and administration of NAFDAC

5.   Study the effect of NAFDAC on food and drug control in Ondo West Local Government Area and

6.   Identify the challenges of NAFDAC’s operations in the local government.

Justification and Significance of the Study

The justification of this study lies in the view that, neither grass root appraiser of NAFDAC’s study nor local history of its existence especially in Ondo state has been carried out nor as such, there is a wide gap between their operations and the local awareness of the people. This, without doubt, deserves a historical attention of this kind.

Another related fact is that, its system of control and administration as well as its effects on food control has not been giving enough historical appraisers at the grass root level and thus the need for the study of this kind. The study will also open a new vista to the study of NAFDAC in other parts of Nigeria. Again, it will produce for the first time, academic work on the operation and effects of NAFDAC in Ondo West Local Government Area.

Scope of the Study

The scope of this study is manageable. Geographically, it covers all the towns in Ondo West Local Government Area of Ondo State. It gives a glimpse of NAFDAC history in Nigeria and in Ondo State.  Periodically, it covers the year of establishment of NAFDAC which is 1992 up till 2009 for specification. Ondo West is a Local Government Area in Ondo state, Nigeria. Its headquarters are in the town of Ondo. It has an area of 970 km² and has the density of 346 inh./km².12 The postal code of the area is 351.13Ondo West Local Government has the population of 288,868 with male population of 141,759 and female population of 147,109 according to the 2006 census figure.


                   The study employs primary and secondary sources. But more secondary source than primary sources due to the nature of the study. The primary source includes oral interviews from NAFDAC staff in Ondo West Local Government Area as well as some archival materials from National Archives, Ibadan. The secondary source also includes, relevant texts, journal articles, theses, newspapers, dictionary and periodic, reports and internet materials, among others.        

Delimitation of the Study     

This research study is concentrated on Ondo West Local Government as a case study. Though, the scope of the concept is universally oriented. Hence for better treatment of the study reference are drawn from both national and international experience. The activities of the agency under discussion are analysed with extensive examination of its history, structure, and system of control, functions and effects.

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