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The Influence Of Guidance And Counseling On The Career Choice Among Secondary School Students’

 Format: MS WORD   Chapters: 1-5

 Pages: 60   Attributes: COMPREHENSIVE RESEARCH

 Amount: 3,000

 Apr 20, 2020 |  04:48 pm |  1130



Background to the Study

School counseling focused on making new students feel welcome and prepared upon admissions into school any time during the academic year. Academic Counseling designed to help students and parents acquire knowledge of curricular choices, plan a programme of studies, and interpret academic opportunities. Student counseling help students acquire information and plan for appropriate education and training for career choices and post-secondary goals (Portman, 2009). Guidance and Counseling (G&C) is an interactive process, co-joining the counselor who is trained and educated to give assistance to the counselee. The goal of this G&C intervention is to help the one being guided and counseled to learn to deal more effectively with him/herself on the reality of his/her environment (Oliver, 2014). Guidance and Counseling is a programme that assists in understanding the biological, sociological, philosophical and psychological needs of students in particular being in their adolescent, stage congregating in our secondary schools.

Educational and career counseling has become increasingly important over the years for students, parents and teachers. It relates to the interests and inclinations of students and the decisions they take for their future careers. It is noteworthy to mention that not much attention has been paid to students educational and career counseling in the past. This remained as a low priority for two evident reasons: there was lack of awareness amongst the teachers, students and parents about the significance of career counselling; and the scarcity of resources did not permit schools and policymakers to consider it as a priority. However, with increasing literacy rates and more choices of educational institutions and careers becoming available, people’s interest and realisation to understand the role of educational and career counseling in shaping students future is also augmenting. It is because of their indelible impact on students that teachers play increasingly important roles in influencing students’ choices and decisions for their future careers (Rao, 2004).

Students often see the school counselor as the only useless staff member because of their limited contact, unknowing to them that the use of counseling provides a potentially useful means by which education may better serve the needs of young people attending secondary school. Guidance and counseling programmes in Nigerian education system has not been given the attention it deserves. And until the attention is given to this form of education programme, majority of secondary school students will continue to find it difficult in career decision making. Okolie (2014) opines that many college students lack ideas on which course to study in the higher education institution after leaving the schools.           The reason is because; they lack services of professional guidance and counsellor who assist them in career decision-making. It has been observed that many students who perform well in mathematics and science technology related subjects in secondary schools end up studying arts or social science related courses in the University instead of studying science, technology or engineering related courses to pursue their careers the relevant fields; this is mostly seen in Nigerian education institutions. After been admitted into the University, such students find it difficult copping with other students who choose the right courses leading to their chosen career path (Okolie, Elom, Ituma, Opara , Ukwa,  Inyiagu, and Ndem, 2014).

Guidance and counseling in secondary schools is riddled with a number of problems which are attitudinal, structural, human and cultural. These include malfunction to engage in careful analysis of organizational problems that guidance and counseling was intended to resolve. There have been lack of trained school counselors in secondary schools and colleges, and lack of sufficient time, facilities and orientation materials for use by counselors. It was against this background that this study was designed to undertake an analysis of effective guidance and counseling programmes in secondary schools to examine its issues and roles in students career decision making.

Statement of the Problem

          Counseling is an essential aspect of life that even the holy writ (Bible) opines that in the multitude of counsel there is safety. Year after years, secondary student embark on upward journey to institutions of higher learning many of whom eventually study what they never wanted just because they do not have the O’level requirements which are often caused due to ignorance, self will and peer pressure. Only the determined students sometimes swallow their pride to re-enroll for O’ level courses after the realization of the first mistake, leading to waste of time, energy and resources.

          It appears that wrong perception of students on the role, function and importance of school counsellor resulted in such ignorance and colossal waste of energy, time and resources. In most secondary school setting, the office of the school counselor had been eroded leading to student taking academics, career and social pieces of advice from a non-trained counsellor such as class teachers and spiritual leaders. This has lead to many untold problem and chattered dreams; hence, the consideration of the topic “Student Perception of the role of school Counselors in the choice of academic careers in Owo Local Government Area of Ondo state” is a square peg in a square hole.

Purpose of the Study

This main purpose of this study is to examine the influence of Guidiance and Counseling on the career choice among secondary school students’ in Owo Local Government area of Ondo State.

          More specifically, the study so apt to examine whether gender and class of students’ has anything to do with the students’ perception of the role of guidiance and counseling in career choice. 

Research Question

1.   What are the perceptions of secondary school students’ on the role of counselors in secondary schools?

2.   What are the level of human resources availability in secondary school system in Owo local government

3.   Discuss school counseling influence students’ career choice.

Research Hypotheses

1.   School counseling has no significant influence on students’ choices of carreers in Owo local government area of Ondo State.

2.   There is no significance influence of school counseling on career choice based on students’ gender.

Significance of the Study

Guidance and counseling is a procedure of assisting persons to know themselves by discovering their desires, interests and capabilities in a bid to prepare their own goals and create strategies for realizing those goals. An appraisal of issues and roles of guidance and counseling in student’s career decision making is of paramount importance, hence, the results from the study will assist to shed light on the challenges facing providers of guidance and counseling services in secondary schools in Nigeria. In addition, the study will offer fundamental information to education planners which can be used to raise policy on how to reinforce guidance and counseling programmes in secondary schools in Nigeria and beyond. At the long run, the outcome of the study will help to develop students with good potential not misdirected but bringing out the best from each students in line with their innate and natural ability rather than forcing societal or parental choices of career on respective children.


This research work is restricted to the students’ perception on the role of Guidiance and Counseling in career choice in Owo local Government and their choices of career through pieces of advice from untrained or amateur counselors such as class teachers, religious leader and relatives.


Operational Definition of Terms

Perception: this is an evaluation of one’s own and others internal states and beliefs as well as sensory stimuli and the person’s perception are not necessarily identical to the stimulus object or events being perceived. The process of interpretation of stimulus is known as perception.

Role:  a set of expectation about the ways in which people are supposed to behave in different situation. Roles are dependent on all sort of things like the position a person holds, the culture etc.

School counselor: works in primary, elementary, middle sch0ools or secondary schools to provide academic career college assess affordability admission and social and emotional competence to all students through a school cou8selling programme. They are vital members of the education team, they help students in their academic achievement, personal/ social career development.

Choice of career: when choosing a certain profession or making a career switch, it is important to carefully find out what your interest and ambitions are, this is can be done by means of an aptitude test, such a test gives a clear insight on talent and interest.

Academic career: many people dream of becoming an academic, some of these dreams are fuelled by passion for research, a drive to extend the frontier of knowledge and a desire to enthuse the next generation of undergraduates with a love of academic subject as an aspiring academic


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