Format: MS WORD Chapters: 1-5
Pages: 60 Attributes: COMPREHENSIVE RESEARCH
Background to the Study
Morality and religion helps man in his progress raises him to love and assist him in making him human. Moral and religious education is essential for character building avoiding, bloodshed and jealousy. It is therefore needed to raise and reconstruct the whole educational system. It also becomes imperative to study moral value of the students of whom his education to be imparted (Mamta, 2017).
According to Daya (2001), religious practices such as Hindus, Muslims and Christian students do not differ significantly in their moral judgment. Traditionally religion has been the basis of morality. A glance at the history of mankind reveals that religion has been the chief agent in promoting morality. It is the standard by which the acts and attitudes of people are evaluated. In the early stages of society, religion promoted morality by certain commands and prohibitions set-forth by some divine personality. They served also a powerful source to lead to moral conduct. All religions preach the universal values of worldly peace and harmony. Hence, it is essential that students should be made to understand these are principles of every religion. This helps in developing secular values and this would contribute to global peace.
Schools today face enormous challenges in educating all of the young people in their charge in character and learning. In addition to providing youth with basic academic knowledge, skills, and promoting their character development, schools have increasingly been called upon to play a primary role in helping to solve a variety of social problems among youths (Catalano, Berglund, Ryan, Lonczak & Hawkins, 2002). Although, historically, schools have always had responsibility for both academic and character development, but appears to be different in value system along religious line since Nigeria is a secular State, the sheer number of areas to be addressed in the curriculum today may seem overwhelming and civic education not having the spiritual capacity of character modeling since man is a tripartite being having soul, spirit and body (Clayton, Ballif-Spanvill & Hunsaker, 2001).
This situation has recently become even more daunting with instructors and teachers who ought to be good examples lack moral ethics in their daily interactions and young adult of female students in the senior secondary are mostly at the receiving end. However, Greenberg, Domitrovich & Bumbarger (2001) and Payton, et al. (2000) opined that the situation may not be as dire as it seems. Research in the area of character education suggests that a well-conceived and conducted character education programme may be an effective means of addressing majority of the social vices among female students at senior secondary school level.
The role of parents in their wards attendance in school fellowship is important (Berkowitz & Grych, 1998). Social institutions equally contribute to the moral development of children. One of the most important social institution, which is considered as the basis of moral grooming of child’s personality is school. Its role is highlighted by several researchers (weissbourd, bouffard& jones, 2013; Corbett, 2011). School is the place where children spend most of their time after home. The educational institutions are responsible to provide ethical training to the students. It makes evident that through social interaction in school, their moral development is highly influenced and directed. Weissbourd, Bouffard & Jones, (2013) opines that school environment in this regard is very important. The way teacher interact, the background of the classmates, the tactics teachers use to deal with students, the codes and rules, school connectedness, ethics, curriculum, all led in harmonizing moral development.
Comprehensive, school fellowship participations result in high quality character education, not only effective at promoting the development of good character, but is a promising approach to the prevention of a wide range of contemporary problems which includes aggressive and antisocial behaviours, drug use, precocious sexual activity, criminal activities, academic under-achievement, and school failure among others (Battistich, Schaps, Watson, Solomon & Lewis, 2000). Each of these problems, individually, has been addressed through a variety of approaches, and some of these approaches have been found to be reasonably effective, although many have not. However, there is increasing evidence that character education programmes focused on the broader goal of promoting the overall positive development of female youths are at least as effective as more specific programmes aimed at preventing particular negative behaviours.
Statement of the Problem
The major purpose of education is the transmission of cultural norms and values, that is, moral from one generation to another. In recent time with much emphasise on western cultural civilization. It appears that there is gradual disintegration in moral standard in the society and these had formal its way in to the senior secondary system. The female appears to be mostly at the receiving end perhaps because of their sexual attraction and vulnerability to male teachers, corp members and teaching practice students who found such vulnerable and weak students as object of sexual pleasure leading to several moral laxities in the society.
However, the school fellowship either Christian or Islamic affiliation appears to check such moral activities among students that devote their time to be active in such religious worship. And, the research is titled impact of school fellowship on the moral lives of female senior secondary school students
Purpose of the Study
The research work aims at finding out the various factors that directly contributed to female students’ moral development at the secondary school level particularly those that have to do with religious activities in the secondary school system. Put differently the study aim at finding the impact of school fellowship (Islamic and Christian) permitted to operate at the levels. Specifically the study aim at the followings:
1. examine authorities permission for students to hold religious fellowship in school premises
2. find out level of female students participation in such activities
3. investigate moral lives of female that are actively involved in fellowship activities
4. find out teachers opinion on the moral lives of student in relation to their participations in school fellowship.
1. To what extent do school managements permit students involvement in school fellowship?
2. What is the level of female students’ involvement in school fellowship?
3. Are female students participating in fellowship activities morally upright?
4. What are teachers’ opinions on the moral lives of female students participating in fellowship activities?
1. Female students’ involvements in school fellowship have no significant influence on their moral lives.
Significance of the Study
This study will aid in knowing the current level of moral values in adolescent students, knowing whether teachers are effective in providing moral education, and knowing whether the implication of learning occurs or not. The knowledge of this will be helpful in training teachers for effective ways of teaching and also train the students in implementation of the learnt moral values. On a large note, the study could benefit the society by bringing to light one of the causes of delinquent behaviour and also certain recommendations to reduce the same.
The outcome of this study will enhance female students’ moral development in the secondary school system, thereby reducing pre-marital sex, teenage pregnancy, single motherhood, school drop-out and level of female illiteracy. Having solved the aforementioned problems, there will be academic and life fulfillment of female students in secondary school system. Hence, the outcome will make parents, teachers and the nation at large to be proud of their female students.
This research work is restricted to school management activities in relation to school fellowship, particularly those that concerns with female students and their moral lives in Akoko South-West Local Government Area in Ondo State Nigeria.
Definitions of Terms
Impact: It is the result or an aftermath of content. It means the resultant effect of school religious fellowship of the conduct and practices of the female students in the secondary school system.
Female Student: This refers to emotional and mentally sane learner in the secondary school system, particularly those that have attained puberty level and are sexually attractive.
Moral Lives: Acceptable value in the society that is appreciated in relation to a particular culture. In these context moral lives refers to how female students in the secondary school system are considered to a acceptable in their society based on their behaviors and practices.
Religion: A belief binding the spiritual nature of man to a supernatural being as involving a feeling of dependence and responsibility together with the feelings and practices which naturally flow from such a belief.School Fellowship: This refers to the affiliation of religious practices with formal learning centers, particularly secondary school. But in this context it is restricted to Christian and Islamic worshipers at that level.
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