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Impact of study groups on Education Economics Students Academic Performance

 Format: MS WORD   Chapters: 1-5

 Pages: 68   Attributes: COMPREHENSIVE RESEARCH

 Amount: 3,000

 Mar 06, 2020 |  10:23 pm |  1244

CHAPTER ONE

1.1    INTRODUCTION

The impact of study groups on education economics students’ academic performance is a key research topic that needs to be studied or looked into. This is because of the importance of study groups and also the need to improve the academic performance of students in higher institutions.

Economics is concerned with human behavior such as how people earn their living and make a choice between alternatives to satisfy their wants. According to Agu and Amuka (2014), Economics is defined as a social science subject that studies man and his problems with a view to providing solutions to them. These problems are diverse and solutions are equally diverse. According to Wikipedia (2019), Education economics is the study of economic issues relating to education, including the demand for education, the financing and provision of education, and the comparative efficiency of various educational programs and policies. From early works on the relationship between schooling and labor market outcomes for individuals, the field of the economics of education has grown rapidly to cover virtually all areas with linkages to education.  According to (Wikipedia 2019) education economics is the study of economic issues relating to education, including the demand for education, the financing and provision of education, and the efficiency of various educational policies.

Education economics involves a time phase of inculcating the needed skill and values on the learners, it entails the preparation of learners for would be economics educator (teachers) and disseminating valuable economics information on learners in other for them to improve their standard of living by engaging in meaningful venture.

Academic performance is the level of attainment of a person in an examination, that is, how an individual is able to demonstrate his or her abilities in an examination. Academic performance is defined by Ahmad, Jelas& Ali (2011) as a measure of the success of a student. Academic performance is related to the knowledge and skills developed by a student in various courses. The level of academic achievement or success is measured using tests, assignments and final examination results and is dependent on the standards put in place by the educational institution (Garner-O’Neale& Harrison 2013).

Academic performance is an important element when determining the success of an individual student (Ahmad, Jelas& Ali 2011) and can predict key life outcomes such as income and health (Briley, Harden & Tucker-Drob 2014). As a result, policy makers and researchers are increasingly concerned with low quality education in an era of increased education spending. They have realised that poor education outcomes can have detrimental effects on a country’s economic and social development. Furthermore, Aremu (2010) noted that poor academic performance is any performance that falls below a desired standard. The criterion of excellence can be from 40 to 100 percentages depending on the subjective yardstick of the evaluator or assessor. Student academic performance plays a vital role when pairing student or placing the student in a class or group activity. Student with very high intelligent quotient (IQ) grasp whatever is being taught or activity they are asked to perform in the class while those with low intelligent quotient (IQ) require guidance on instruction being given.

 In recent years there have been cases on poor academic performance of students studying education economics in university of Lagos in reference to students’ result on the courses macroeconomics and basic mathematics for economics (ECN221 and ECN 223) respectively for the past five years. 


Furthermore, According to Ayeni (2011), teaching is a process that involves bringing about desirable changes in learners so as to achieve specific outcomes. It is therefore important to examine the potential determinants of a student’s academic success so as to avoid such individuals from becoming burdens to their respective governments.

Learning on the other hand, is the relatively permanent change in behavior as a result of training, exposure and experience. Students learn a great deal by explaining their ideas and by participating in activities in which they can learn from their peers.

A study group is a small group of people who regularly meet to discuss shared ideas on a particular subject or project of study. Study group could also be seen as an informal gathering of people who convene regularly to exchange idea and information on a specific subject (Wikipedia, 2019). Study group increase students achievement as well as promote a more positive attitude towards the course, study groups are self-formed. These groups are not typically directed by the instructor or involved in working on graded assignments because study groups are rarely monitored by instructors. When there is group study, there is likely to be an improvement on students’ academic performance. Academic performance of students can be improved when they work together outside the classroom setting by bringing materials, sharing ideas on projects and assignments.

1.2   Statement of Problem.

In the university of Lagos students poor performance in education economics had been disheartening as a result of poor performance in basic mathematics for economics and macro economics (ECN 221 and ECN223). These poor performance in these courses had been linked to many factors such as: Teachers related factor, Students related factor, Learning environment , by different authors  and researchers for instance Dixon(2010)  on his research study said that preparing for exam is a task most students fear as it involves time , studying in groups with their peers, hard work and also is the cause of a lot of stress and anxiety, but this present research is to consider impact of study groups among students. The poor performance of the students if not tackled now may jeopardize their employment, further studies and also affect their carrier.  This research tends to examine the impact of study groups on education economics students.

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