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Impact of Studying Habit Among Secondary School Students in Ikorodu Local Government Area of Lagos State

 Format: MS-WORD   Chapters: 1-5

 Pages: 70   Attributes: STANDARD RESEARCH

 Amount: 3,000

 Oct 25, 2019 |  02:37 am |  1951


The study determined the influence of study habits on academic achievement of students in Ikorodu Local Government Area of Lagos State. Four research questions were raised and answered by the study while 2 hypotheses were formulated and tested for the study. Survey research design was used for this study.. An instrument titled: Study Habits Inventory Questionnaire (SHIQ) was developed by the researcher from literature reviewed and used for data collection. The instrument was face validated by 3 experts. Students’  promotion score  from SS 1 to SS2 in English Language, Mathematics and Biology which are general subject offer by all the students as instruments for the data collection were equally used.  A total of  120 respondents comprising  of  SS2 students were sampled, using simple random sampling techniques.

The result of the first hypothesis  revealed that there is significant relationship between students’ study habit and academic perfprmamnce  while the second hypothesis revealed that there is no significant relationship between study habit and socio-economic of  the parents of the students in Ikorodu Local Government Area of Lagos State.

It was therefore recommended that modern instructional facilities and resources such as Audio-visual, and multi-media gadgets should be made available to public schools which will help in addressing individual variability and interest among the students with different study habits.




Studying is a skill. Being successful in school requires a high level of study skills. Students must first learn these skills, practice them and develop effective study habits in order to be successful. Good study habits include many different skills: time management, self-discipline, concentration, memorization, organization, and effort. (Kumari, 2015).

It is hardly possible to perform beyond the level of preparation  students input into academic activities. Education is a vital instrument that is consciously acquired  through a conscious habit of study and to achieve great academic feat in education, studying skills is a pre-requisite. Education is an activity or process, which modifies the behaviour of a person from instinctive to human behaviour (Taneja, 2003, p.9). This definition reveals the innate truth that education aims at discovering aptitudes as well as to progressively prepare man for social activity; because of this, education through which the basic needs (food, shelter and clothing) are provided is necessary for the survival of the society.

Learning how to  study is really a long-term process. As one goes on study-

ing, one finds more techniques and methods that offer new information leading one on an interesting and successful direction. So, learning how to study or to develop good study habits is a lifelong process, and one should be ready to modify one's method of study according to the need of the time.

The development of good study habits is the highway to the  goals of an individual, whatever they are. A simple, small  change in study habits makes a big difference in goal setting and organization of one's life. The success of an individual depends upon his study habits. Education is the manifestation of perfection already existing in man. The tool enabling  this manifestation is study habits.

The relationship between studying habit and students’ academic performance has for long receive attention from scholars and educational agencies.

Many students do badly academically, due to factors other than low intellectual capacity. One such factor is poor study habits, which often result in poor academic performance even among the naturally bright students. According to Sharma (2005, p.67)” academic performance is a necessary evil because one kind of ability is rewarded economically and socially more than others.” This necessitates concern over factors that are commonly linked with academic achievement.

Habits are true indicators of individuality in a person. So study habits are the behaviour of an individual related to studies. Azikiwe (1998)  cited in  Amandeep  (2015) describes the study habit as “the adopted way and manner a student plans his private readings, after classroom learning, so as to attain mastery of the subject”.

The relationship between study habit and students’ academic performance has for long receive attention from scholars and educational agencies. Nuthane & Yenage (2009) has examined the causes of poor academic performance. Some of these factors identified are intellectual  ability, poor study habits, achievement motivation, lack of vocational goals, self concept, low socio- economic status of the family, poor family structure and so on.

Entensham (2013) reiterated that factors such as method of study, family

background, socio-economic status and environment etc are the determinants of study habits.

Achievement is generally a pedagogical terminology used while determining learners’ success in formal education and which is measured through reports examinations, researches, and ratings with numerous factors of variables exerting influence . This achievement is always linked with the effectiveness of students studying skills and habit. Onuekwe (2015) therefore revealed that there is always a positive relationship between studying habit and academic achievement of students. Therefore no students can perform beyond the level of capacity he is willing to study.




It is no longer  strange noticing the decline in standard of education by all and sundry which is evidence in performance of students in both internal and external students.  Many students are solely dependent on malpractice to pass examination which is done through different means. Internet, phones, and other electronic gadget coupled  other frivolous activities keep engaging the precious time of the students which they could have use it meaningfully by studying.

Students seem to be comfortable not doing their home work and yet still coming to school the following day. It is pathetic to see students being aware that they have examination or assessment the following day and yet still busying  playing around without showing any urgency of seriousness.

All these lackadaisical attitude to studying is a  major  issue to the education stakeholder upon which  this research work hinge  on  as it  will give  the platform to investigate into reading habit among secondary school and how this affect their academic performance.


The primary aim of this study was to examine the effect of study habit on student’s academic performance. This general aim is expressed in the following specific objectives which are to:

a)     Look into  enthusiasm of secondary school students in regarding to studying whenever they are not been compel to study

b)    Investigate different studying habit that is exhibited among secondary school students

c)     Compare the academic performance of students who have developed  a good study habit, averagely good study habit, fairly good study habit and poor study habit.

d)    Investigate into factors responsible for varying student’ study habit  among secondary

e)     Investigate the effect of study habit on student’s academic performance.

1.4  Research Questions

Attempt will be made to proffer convincing solution to the following questions below:

a)    . What are the various  reading  habits among secondary school students?

b)    Which method do the students engage for studying?

c)      Does reading habit have effect on academic performance of secondary school students?

d)     Is there a relationship between Students’ reading habits and academic performance?

e)      Do students really make the best use of their leisure time?

f)      What are the motive behind students engage in reading?

  1.5  Research Hypotheses

 Two  null hypotheses were formulated for this  research work: These are

H01: There is no significant relationship between students study habit and academic performance among secondary school students.

H02: There is no significant relationship between students study habit and socio-economic background of parents.

  1.6  Significance of the Study

The primary aim of this study was to examine the effect of study habit on student’s academic performance. This general aim is expressed in the following specific objectives which are to:

a)    To provide information to the teachers and students on the types of study habits that will enhance students’ academic performance in secondary  schools.

b)    It will help the  teachers to use the information to guide the students on the best study habits to adopt.

c)      It will help the students through the information  provided to adjust on their study habits to improve their academic achievement in all  their subjects.

d)    The parents would use the findings of this study to understand one of the causes of their children’s poor academic achievement. They could also use the information to advice and encourage their children on the type of study habits to adopt for better academic achievement in all the school subjects.

e)     The findings of this study would be beneficial to future researchers as it would serve as a pointer from which other studies could be carried out  to determine relevant factor that influence academic achievement of students secondary schools.

 1.7  Scope/Delimitation Of The Study

This study focuses on impact of studying habit among secondary school students in Ikorodu Local government area of Lagos State. It is limited to five  Public schools in Lagos State Education District 2 with headquarter in Maryland with three zones under which Ikorodu schools fall into zone 1 were  the schools selected for this research work.

One of the  major constraints of the study is  finance for the fact that it’s being carrying out during the time of economic recession in Nigeria is quite challenging. Another limitation will be that of the process of administrating the questionnaires since many schools will be covered and some of these schools are far apart from each other and also falling into  the period of third term long vacation where many of the students are hardly around apart for those coming for  summer coaching . This will make me to return immediately the school resume in September for academic session.


1.8  Operational Definition of  Term

Study Habit: It is a well planned and deliberate form of consistency on the part of the student towards the understanding of academic subjects.

Study Skills: These are peculiar strategies developed by the students in studying.

Academic: This has to do with school college studies or learning in other words designate the intellectual; aspect of education particularly the final subject deals with organized knowledge.

Academic performance: Is a term used for students based on how well they are doing in their studies and classes. Also is how well one does in school

Assessment: Appraisal of activities within a given period of time.


Students: These are group of people who are learning a particular subject with the aim of achieving a predetermined goal.


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